According to tradition, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC. They were twin brothers, sons of a human mother and the god of war, Mars. After their birth, the king ordered them killed. They were placed in a basket and put into the Tiber River - left to die from exposure in the outdoors. But their basket washed up on the river bank where they were found by a female wolf. The wolf nursed the hungry babies and cared for them until they were found by a shepherd.The shepherd and his wife raised the babies as their own. Romulus and Remus grew up and helped overthrow the king who had ordered their death. They wanted to build their own city along the Tiber River where their basket had washed ashore. They disagreed about where it should be, and Romulus killed Remus during their quarrels. Romulus built the city of Rome on one of the seven hills along the Tiber - the Palatine hill - and lived a long life as king of Rome.
O King, you were watching, and behold, one great image, an image which had a large base and with unusual splendor, was standing opposite you, and its form was frightening.That image had a head of fine gold, its breast and its arms were of silver, its belly and thighs were of copper. Its legs were of iron, and its feet were partly of iron and partly of clay.You were watching until one stone was hewn without hands, and it struck the image on its feet of iron and clay and crumbled them.Then the iron, the clay, the copper, the silver, and the gold crumbled together, and they were like chaff from the threshing floors of the summer, and the wind carried them off, and no place was found for them, and the stone that struck the image became a huge mountain and filled the entire earth.This is the dream, and its interpretation we shall recite before the king.You, O king, the King of kings, the God of heaven, gave you a strong, powerful, and prominent kingdom.And wherever people, wild beasts, and birds of the sky dwell, He has given into your hand and has given you dominion over them all. You are the head of gold.And after you will arise another kingdom lower than you, and another - a third kingdom - of copper, which will rule over the entire earth.And a fourth kingdom will be strong as iron, for iron crumbles and flattens everything, and like iron, which shatters all these, it will crumble and shatter.And what you saw, the feet and the toes - which were partly of potter's clay and partly of iron-so it will be a divided kingdom, and in it will be some of the strength of iron, in view of what you saw iron mixed with clay.And the toes of the feet were partly iron and partly clay, for part of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be broken.And what you saw, iron mixed with clay, connotes that they will mingle with the seed of men, but they will not cleave one to the other, as iron does not mix with clay.And in the days of these kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom forever, it will not be destroyed, and the kingdom will not be left to another people; it will crumble and destroy all these kingdoms, and it will stand forever.
Daniel says that the Final Exile, the Roman/Edomite Exile, "will be a divided kingdom" just as legs are divided, in equally matched parts, both driving in the same direction - in this case, toward world domination.
When Rome ceased to be a political/military force in the world, it dominated through religion. The Catholic Church was called "catholic" because the word means universal. For the first 1000 years of Christianity, there was one "catholic" or universal Church, but that changed in 1054.
On July 16, 1054, Patriarch of Constantinople Michael Cerularius was excommunicated, starting the “Great Schism” that created the two largest denominations in Christianity—the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox faiths.
Everyone in the West is familiar with the Pope, but not so many are aware of the Ecumenical Patriarch.
The ecumenical patriarch is the archbishop of Constantinople (Istanbul) and New Rome, and primus inter pares (first among equals) among the heads of the several autocephalous churches which compose the Eastern Orthodox Church. The ecumenical patriarch is regarded as the representative and spiritual leader of the Eastern Orthodox Christians worldwide.
[Washington] D.C. has an interesting historical connection to the city of Rome....A long time ago, way before the city was in the thoughts of our founding fathers, back in the 17th century, there was a large estate in the area of about 400 acres. This farm occupied the land southeast of Georgetown (then, a part of Maryland). The man who owned the land was fond of Italy and decided to name the estate Rome, in honor of the city. The small body of water bordering it to the south was originally called Goose Creek, but then took the new name, Tiber Creek (i.e., after the Tiber in Rome).Of course, the story wouldn’t be complete without mentioning that the landowner’s name happened to be Francis Pope. ...legend has it, that Francis was very proud of his ingenious naming scheme, often telling anyone who’d listen that America had its own Rome on the Tiber, and a Pope lived there.(Source)
And in the days of these kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom forever, it will not be destroyed, and the kingdom will not be left to another people; it will crumble and destroy all these kingdoms, and it will stand forever.